Inquiry based instructional strategies Kiosk

Inquiry based instructional strategies

Classroom Strategies for Inquiry-Based Learning Inquiry-Based Learning Inquiry-based learning is one of the most powerful teaching strategies in the classroom because research tells us that students learn best when they construct their own meaning. Inquiry-based learning triggers student curiosity. Teachers act as facilitators during the inquiry-based learning process.

Inquiry-based Teaching Strategies for Teaching

9 Research-Based Teaching Strategies for Your Toolbox. Top 10 Evidence Based Teaching Strategies. Research Based Strategies that All Teachers Should Know. Marzano’s Nine Instructional Strategies for Effective Teaching and Learning. Cute doodle graphics from Hand Drawn Goods, In the ‘data era’ of education that’s mean research-based instructional strategies to drive data-based teaching, and while there’s a lot to consider here we’d love to explore more deeply, for now we’re just going to take a look at the instructional strategies themselves..

As your preschooler is exposed to learning, it’s likely that his or her inquisitive nature will reveal itself. At Tessa International School in Hoboken New Jersey, we encourage our students to take charge of their learning with an inquiry-based learning approach based on the International Baccalaureate framework. What is Inquiry-Based Learning? Discover or Inquiry-Based Learning; Project-Based Learning; Section 3 – Choosing an Instructional Strategy. Instructional Strategies Are Flexible and Dynamic, and Multiple Strategies Can be Used in One Lesson; How to Choose an Appropriate Instructional Strategy

Inquiry-Based Instructional Strategies. Our teachers use specific strategies and techniques to help students learn. We use a inquiry-based approach to cause student learning. This approach is rooted in the idea that teachers should not simply cover content but help students construct meaning about powerful and important ideas. Because different We decided on a few basic inquiry-based learning strategies for how student inquiry would work in our school.Receive educator-written articles like this in your inbox, and learn and grow with your colleagues globally. Sign-Up for Our Newsletter >> Seven Inquiry-Based Learning Strategies

Inquiry-based learning is often assisted by a facilitator rather than a lecturer. Inquirers will identify and research issues and questions to develop knowledge or solutions. Inquiry-based learning includes problem-based learning, and is generally used in small scale … Inquiry-based learning is often assisted by a facilitator rather than a lecturer. Inquirers will identify and research issues and questions to develop knowledge or solutions. Inquiry-based learning includes problem-based learning, and is generally used in small scale …

The findings revealed that the inquiry-based teaching strategies employed were able to stimulate excitement among students when learning science. The ZYL teaching model was also proposed at the end of the study. This proposed teaching model summarizes the strategies of inquiry discovery in Science Education that can be adapted in science Inquiry Based Learning as an Instructional Strategy to Increase Student Achievement in Math and Science . Reza Chowdhury . Doctoral Student of Instructional Design and Technology . The University of Memphis . 5998 Maher Valley Cove . Bartlett, TN 38135 . Descriptors: Inquiry-based learning, teaching by asking . Abstract . Inquiry-based learning (IBL) is receiving a lot of attention and

21st Century skills such as critical-thinking and problem-solving skills are very important when it comes to Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics or STEM. But those same skills should be integrated in social studies. The impact of students' learning in social studies as a result of implementing inquiry-based instructional strategies was the problem investigated in the study. Perfect for an inquiry based classroom! See more . DOK Question Stems. Instructional Strategies Instructional Coaching Differentiated Instruction Teaching Strategies Teaching Tips Teaching Reading Differentiation Strategies Critical Thinking Activities Instructional Design. The purpose of this section is to assess students on their understanding of Geological Timelines, Geological layers, and

Inquiry-Based Instructional Strategies. Our teachers use specific strategies and techniques to help students learn. We use a inquiry-based approach to cause student learning. This approach is rooted in the idea that teachers should not simply cover content but help students construct meaning about powerful and important ideas. Because different Research on inquiry-based teaching has often focused on its application in science and math education, but the approach is equally well-suited to the teaching of the humanities. Likewise, some believe that an inquiry-based approach can’t be implemented until late in a …

Noté 0.0/5. Retrouvez [Inquiry-based Learning Using Everyday Objects: Hands-on Instructional Strategies That Promote Active Learning in Grades 3-8] (By: Amy Edmonds Alvarado) [published: June, 2003] et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Guidelines for Creating an Inquiry-Based Class. Denise Jarrett, writer and researcher for Inquiry Strategies for Science and Mathematics Learning, indicates that inquiry-based instruction improves student attitude and achievement, facilitates student understanding, fosters critical thinking skills, and facilitates mathematical discovery. She

Inquiry as a Teaching Strategy The Alaska Seas and Watersheds curriculum was designed to be inquiry based. Each unit includes activities that allow students to be actively involved in their own learning to construct meaning and understanding, as opposed to all knowledge and content being conveyed by … As your preschooler is exposed to learning, it’s likely that his or her inquisitive nature will reveal itself. At Tessa International School in Hoboken New Jersey, we encourage our students to take charge of their learning with an inquiry-based learning approach based on the International Baccalaureate framework. What is Inquiry-Based Learning?

12/04/2016 · During our half day of Personalized Professional Learning, I hosted a workshop on inquiry-based math strategies, but not everyone who wanted to attend could attend… so I thought I’d recap the workshop here for those of you who could not make it – and for those of you at different schools who might be interested in this topic as well. 21st Century skills such as critical-thinking and problem-solving skills are very important when it comes to Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics or STEM. But those same skills should be integrated in social studies. The impact of students' learning in social studies as a result of implementing inquiry-based instructional strategies was the problem investigated in the study.

(PDF) Effective Inquiry-Based Learning Strategies in. Science teachers often ask about instructional materials that will help them implement inquiry-based instructional strategies and provide students with opportunities to develop the abilities and understandings of scientific inquiry. This appendix is intended to help identify and select such, Inquiry-based learning aims to increase student engagement by helping learners develop hands-on, minds-on skills. This education and teacher training course explores the 5E instructional model and its uses in the classroom..

Teaching Strategies to Use Inquiry-Based Learning

Inquiry based instructional strategies

Teaching Strategies to Use Inquiry-Based Learning. Top 10 Evidence Based Teaching Strategies. Research Based Strategies that All Teachers Should Know. Marzano’s Nine Instructional Strategies for Effective Teaching and Learning. Cute doodle graphics from Hand Drawn Goods, The findings revealed that the inquiry-based teaching strategies employed were able to stimulate excitement among students when learning science. The ZYL teaching model was also proposed at the end of the study. This proposed teaching model summarizes the strategies of inquiry discovery in Science Education that can be adapted in science.

Inquiry Based Math Strategies – Making Good Humans

Inquiry based instructional strategies

(PDF) Effective Inquiry-Based Learning Strategies in. Inquiry-Based Learning Inquiry-based learning is one of the most powerful teaching strategies in the classroom because research tells us that students learn best when they construct their own meaning. Inquiry-based learning triggers student curiosity. Teachers act as facilitators during the inquiry-based learning process. Research on inquiry-based teaching has often focused on its application in science and math education, but the approach is equally well-suited to the teaching of the humanities. Likewise, some believe that an inquiry-based approach can’t be implemented until late in a ….

Inquiry based instructional strategies


12/04/2016 · During our half day of Personalized Professional Learning, I hosted a workshop on inquiry-based math strategies, but not everyone who wanted to attend could attend… so I thought I’d recap the workshop here for those of you who could not make it – and for those of you at different schools who might be interested in this topic as well. Noté 0.0/5. Retrouvez [Inquiry-based Learning Using Everyday Objects: Hands-on Instructional Strategies That Promote Active Learning in Grades 3-8] (By: Amy Edmonds Alvarado) [published: June, 2003] et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion

We decided on a few basic inquiry-based learning strategies for how student inquiry would work in our school.Receive educator-written articles like this in your inbox, and learn and grow with your colleagues globally. Sign-Up for Our Newsletter >> Seven Inquiry-Based Learning Strategies 03/12/2015 · As a result, you will develop the skills and strategies needed to implement inquiry-based instruction in your own classroom. An inquiry-based approach honors the complex work of learning. It

Inquiry based teaching strategies are a powerful tool for educators looking to connect with their students and apply STEM principles. But some students will really struggle with the free form nature that STEAM learning can take. The lack of structure can be intimidating and worrisome for those used to the step by step nature normally used to teach school topics. Noté 0.0/5. Retrouvez Inquiry-Based Learning Using Everyday Objects: Hands-On Instructional Strategies That Promote Active Learning in Grades 3-8 et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion

Instructional Methods, Strategies and Technologies to Meet the Needs of All Learners. Ch. 5 Problem Based Learning. Evan Glazer (University of Georgia) Problem Based Learning is a teaching methodology. Editor’s Note: Dr. Glazer chose to use the term Problem-based Instruction and Inquiry, but my reading and other references to this chapter also use the term Problem-based Learning. The reader Instructional Methods, Strategies and Technologies to Meet the Needs of All Learners. Ch. 5 Problem Based Learning. Evan Glazer (University of Georgia) Problem Based Learning is a teaching methodology. Editor’s Note: Dr. Glazer chose to use the term Problem-based Instruction and Inquiry, but my reading and other references to this chapter also use the term Problem-based Learning. The reader

The Inquiry Chart (I-chart) is a strategy that enables students to gather information about a topic from several sources. Teachers design the I-chart around several questions about a topic. Students read or listen to several sources on the topic and record answers to the posed questions within the I-chart. Students generate a summary in the final row. Different answers from various Inquiry-based learning is often assisted by a facilitator rather than a lecturer. Inquirers will identify and research issues and questions to develop knowledge or solutions. Inquiry-based learning includes problem-based learning, and is generally used in small scale …

Noté 0.0/5. Retrouvez [Inquiry-based Learning Using Everyday Objects: Hands-on Instructional Strategies That Promote Active Learning in Grades 3-8] (By: Amy Edmonds Alvarado) [published: June, 2003] et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Curiosity is a powerful catalyst for learning and using inquiry-based learning can leverage potential. Here are 6 strategies for your classroom.

Instructional Methods, Strategies and Technologies to Meet the Needs of All Learners. Ch. 5 Problem Based Learning. Evan Glazer (University of Georgia) Problem Based Learning is a teaching methodology. Editor’s Note: Dr. Glazer chose to use the term Problem-based Instruction and Inquiry, but my reading and other references to this chapter also use the term Problem-based Learning. The reader Inquiry Based Learning as an Instructional Strategy to Increase Student Achievement in Math and Science . Reza Chowdhury . Doctoral Student of Instructional Design and Technology . The University of Memphis . 5998 Maher Valley Cove . Bartlett, TN 38135 . Descriptors: Inquiry-based learning, teaching by asking . Abstract . Inquiry-based learning (IBL) is receiving a lot of attention and

Inquiry-based learning aims to increase student engagement by helping learners develop hands-on, minds-on skills. This education and teacher training course explores the 5E instructional model and its uses in the classroom. Perfect for an inquiry based classroom! See more . DOK Question Stems. Instructional Strategies Instructional Coaching Differentiated Instruction Teaching Strategies Teaching Tips Teaching Reading Differentiation Strategies Critical Thinking Activities Instructional Design. The purpose of this section is to assess students on their understanding of Geological Timelines, Geological layers, and

The findings revealed that the inquiry-based teaching strategies employed were able to stimulate excitement among students when learning science. The ZYL teaching model was also proposed at the end of the study. This proposed teaching model summarizes the strategies of inquiry discovery in Science Education that can be adapted in science Inquiry-based learning is often assisted by a facilitator rather than a lecturer. Inquirers will identify and research issues and questions to develop knowledge or solutions. Inquiry-based learning includes problem-based learning, and is generally used in small scale …

EFFECTIVE INQUIRY-BASED LEARNING STRATEGIES 2 Abstract The purpose of this action research is to compare the effectiveness of Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) over Traditional pedagogical techniques in stimulating student engagement and motivation, Inquiry-based Strategies While some of these strategies have particular application to make lectures more interactive or for facilitating small group learning though case-based instruction and team learning , educators may employ these strategies in clinical settings as well.

Inquiry based instructional strategies

Inquiry-based learning is often assisted by a facilitator rather than a lecturer. Inquirers will identify and research issues and questions to develop knowledge or solutions. Inquiry-based learning includes problem-based learning, and is generally used in small scale … We decided on a few basic inquiry-based learning strategies for how student inquiry would work in our school.Receive educator-written articles like this in your inbox, and learn and grow with your colleagues globally. Sign-Up for Our Newsletter >> Seven Inquiry-Based Learning Strategies

Inquiry-Based Instructional Strategies – William Rowen School

Inquiry based instructional strategies

ALA/AASL Standards for Initial Preparation of School. Inquiry based teaching strategies are a powerful tool for educators looking to connect with their students and apply STEM principles. But some students will really struggle with the free form nature that STEAM learning can take. The lack of structure can be intimidating and worrisome for those used to the step by step nature normally used to teach school topics., The Inquiry Chart (I-chart) is a strategy that enables students to gather information about a topic from several sources. Teachers design the I-chart around several questions about a topic. Students read or listen to several sources on the topic and record answers to the posed questions within the I-chart. Students generate a summary in the final row. Different answers from various.

Understanding and Applying Inquiry Based Teaching Strategies

Inquiry as a Teaching Strategy Alaska Seas. 24/11/2008 · Inquiry Teaching: Models of Instruction What is Inquiry Teaching and how do you do it? Inquiry teaching is teaching “exclusively oriented towards ‘enabling independent reasoning’”, and there are no strong “preconceived learning outcomes to be made explicit, but is dependent upon the students’ responses (Jaworski, p. 11)., The Inquiry Chart (I-chart) is a strategy that enables students to gather information about a topic from several sources. Teachers design the I-chart around several questions about a topic. Students read or listen to several sources on the topic and record answers to the posed questions within the I-chart. Students generate a summary in the final row. Different answers from various.

Noté 0.0/5. Retrouvez [Inquiry-based Learning Using Everyday Objects: Hands-on Instructional Strategies That Promote Active Learning in Grades 3-8] (By: Amy Edmonds Alvarado) [published: June, 2003] et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Inquiry-Based Instructional Strategies. Our teachers use specific strategies and techniques to help students learn. We use a inquiry-based approach to cause student learning. This approach is rooted in the idea that teachers should not simply cover content but help students construct meaning about powerful and important ideas. Because different

In the ‘data era’ of education that’s mean research-based instructional strategies to drive data-based teaching, and while there’s a lot to consider here we’d love to explore more deeply, for now we’re just going to take a look at the instructional strategies themselves. EFFECTIVE INQUIRY-BASED LEARNING STRATEGIES 2 Abstract The purpose of this action research is to compare the effectiveness of Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) over Traditional pedagogical techniques in stimulating student engagement and motivation,

In the ‘data era’ of education that’s mean research-based instructional strategies to drive data-based teaching, and while there’s a lot to consider here we’d love to explore more deeply, for now we’re just going to take a look at the instructional strategies themselves. The findings revealed that the inquiry-based teaching strategies employed were able to stimulate excitement among students when learning science. The ZYL teaching model was also proposed at the end of the study. This proposed teaching model summarizes the strategies of inquiry discovery in Science Education that can be adapted in science

As your preschooler is exposed to learning, it’s likely that his or her inquisitive nature will reveal itself. At Tessa International School in Hoboken New Jersey, we encourage our students to take charge of their learning with an inquiry-based learning approach based on the International Baccalaureate framework. What is Inquiry-Based Learning? Instructional Strategies Alternative Instructional Frameworks: Problem-, Project-, and Inquiry-based Instruction in Social Studies Problem-, Project-, and Inquiry-based instruction in Social Studies are dynamic frameworks that increase intellectual engagement and …

Curiosity is a powerful catalyst for learning and using inquiry-based learning can leverage potential. Here are 6 strategies for your classroom. teaching strategies within an overall inquiry-based pedagogy can be an effec-tive way to boost student performance in academics, critical thinking, and prob-lem solving. An inquiry-based classroom is more than a “gathering of individual learners brought together for reasons of econo-my.” Rather, it is a “community of inquiry” (Schifter

The findings revealed that the inquiry-based teaching strategies employed were able to stimulate excitement among students when learning science. The ZYL teaching model was also proposed at the end of the study. This proposed teaching model summarizes the strategies of inquiry discovery in Science Education that can be adapted in science The findings revealed that the inquiry-based teaching strategies employed were able to stimulate excitement among students when learning science. The ZYL teaching model was also proposed at the end of the study. This proposed teaching model summarizes the strategies of inquiry discovery in Science Education that can be adapted in science

Most teachers care about their students’ results, and if you are reading this article, you are undoubtedly one of them. If you want to make a larger difference to how well your students do, then learn about this core list of 10 evidence-based teaching strategies. Inquiry-based learning aims to increase student engagement by helping learners develop hands-on, minds-on skills. This education and teacher training course explores the 5E instructional model and its uses in the classroom.

Instructional Strategies Alternative Instructional Frameworks: Problem-, Project-, and Inquiry-based Instruction in Social Studies Problem-, Project-, and Inquiry-based instruction in Social Studies are dynamic frameworks that increase intellectual engagement and … Here we will take a look at teaching strategies that allow you to use this method of teaching in your classroom. Teaching Strategies to Get Started. So, you’ve heard about inquiry-based learning and are interested in trying it, but you don’t know how to get started. The first thing that you should know is that you can use it across the

teaching strategies within an overall inquiry-based pedagogy can be an effec-tive way to boost student performance in academics, critical thinking, and prob-lem solving. An inquiry-based classroom is more than a “gathering of individual learners brought together for reasons of econo-my.” Rather, it is a “community of inquiry” (Schifter Guidelines for Creating an Inquiry-Based Class. Denise Jarrett, writer and researcher for Inquiry Strategies for Science and Mathematics Learning, indicates that inquiry-based instruction improves student attitude and achievement, facilitates student understanding, fosters critical thinking skills, and facilitates mathematical discovery. She

Here we will take a look at teaching strategies that allow you to use this method of teaching in your classroom. Teaching Strategies to Get Started. So, you’ve heard about inquiry-based learning and are interested in trying it, but you don’t know how to get started. The first thing that you should know is that you can use it across the 21st Century skills such as critical-thinking and problem-solving skills are very important when it comes to Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics or STEM. But those same skills should be integrated in social studies. The impact of students' learning in social studies as a result of implementing inquiry-based instructional strategies was the problem investigated in the study.

Appendix B Selecting Instructional Materials Inquiry and

Inquiry based instructional strategies

Fostering Student Questions Strategies for Inquiry-Based. Inquiry-Based Learning Inquiry-based learning is one of the most powerful teaching strategies in the classroom because research tells us that students learn best when they construct their own meaning. Inquiry-based learning triggers student curiosity. Teachers act as facilitators during the inquiry-based learning process., The Inquiry Chart (I-chart) is a strategy that enables students to gather information about a topic from several sources. Teachers design the I-chart around several questions about a topic. Students read or listen to several sources on the topic and record answers to the posed questions within the I-chart. Students generate a summary in the final row. Different answers from various.

Seven Inquiry-Based Learning Strategies to Lead Your

Inquiry based instructional strategies

Instructional Strategies Alternative Instructional. EFFECTIVE INQUIRY-BASED LEARNING STRATEGIES 2 Abstract The purpose of this action research is to compare the effectiveness of Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) over Traditional pedagogical techniques in stimulating student engagement and motivation, 24/11/2008 · Inquiry Teaching: Models of Instruction What is Inquiry Teaching and how do you do it? Inquiry teaching is teaching “exclusively oriented towards ‘enabling independent reasoning’”, and there are no strong “preconceived learning outcomes to be made explicit, but is dependent upon the students’ responses (Jaworski, p. 11)..

Inquiry based instructional strategies

  • Classroom Strategies for Inquiry-Based Learning edX
  • 10 Evidence-Based Teaching Strategies – The Core List

  • Perfect for an inquiry based classroom! See more . DOK Question Stems. Instructional Strategies Instructional Coaching Differentiated Instruction Teaching Strategies Teaching Tips Teaching Reading Differentiation Strategies Critical Thinking Activities Instructional Design. The purpose of this section is to assess students on their understanding of Geological Timelines, Geological layers, and Instructional Strategies Alternative Instructional Frameworks: Problem-, Project-, and Inquiry-based Instruction in Social Studies Problem-, Project-, and Inquiry-based instruction in Social Studies are dynamic frameworks that increase intellectual engagement and …

    Inquiry-based instruction is a student-centered approach where the instructor guides the students through questions posed, methods designed, and data interpreted by the students. Through inquiry, students actively discover information to support their investigations. 03/12/2015 · As a result, you will develop the skills and strategies needed to implement inquiry-based instruction in your own classroom. An inquiry-based approach honors the complex work of learning. It

    12/04/2016 · During our half day of Personalized Professional Learning, I hosted a workshop on inquiry-based math strategies, but not everyone who wanted to attend could attend… so I thought I’d recap the workshop here for those of you who could not make it – and for those of you at different schools who might be interested in this topic as well. Inquiry Based Learning as an Instructional Strategy to Increase Student Achievement in Math and Science . Reza Chowdhury . Doctoral Student of Instructional Design and Technology . The University of Memphis . 5998 Maher Valley Cove . Bartlett, TN 38135 . Descriptors: Inquiry-based learning, teaching by asking . Abstract . Inquiry-based learning (IBL) is receiving a lot of attention and

    Science teachers often ask about instructional materials that will help them implement inquiry-based instructional strategies and provide students with opportunities to develop the abilities and understandings of scientific inquiry. This appendix is intended to help identify and select such Inquiry-Based Instructional Strategies. Our teachers use specific strategies and techniques to help students learn. We use a inquiry-based approach to cause student learning. This approach is rooted in the idea that teachers should not simply cover content but help students construct meaning about powerful and important ideas. Because different

    Instructional Methods, Strategies and Technologies to Meet the Needs of All Learners. Ch. 5 Problem Based Learning. Evan Glazer (University of Georgia) Problem Based Learning is a teaching methodology. Editor’s Note: Dr. Glazer chose to use the term Problem-based Instruction and Inquiry, but my reading and other references to this chapter also use the term Problem-based Learning. The reader Noté 0.0/5. Retrouvez [Inquiry-based Learning Using Everyday Objects: Hands-on Instructional Strategies That Promote Active Learning in Grades 3-8] (By: Amy Edmonds Alvarado) [published: June, 2003] et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion

    The findings revealed that the inquiry-based teaching strategies employed were able to stimulate excitement among students when learning science. The ZYL teaching model was also proposed at the end of the study. This proposed teaching model summarizes the strategies of inquiry discovery in Science Education that can be adapted in science Discover or Inquiry-Based Learning; Project-Based Learning; Section 3 – Choosing an Instructional Strategy. Instructional Strategies Are Flexible and Dynamic, and Multiple Strategies Can be Used in One Lesson; How to Choose an Appropriate Instructional Strategy

    Top 10 Evidence Based Teaching Strategies. Research Based Strategies that All Teachers Should Know. Marzano’s Nine Instructional Strategies for Effective Teaching and Learning. Cute doodle graphics from Hand Drawn Goods Inquiry-based learning aims to increase student engagement by helping learners develop hands-on, minds-on skills. This education and teacher training course explores the 5E instructional model and its uses in the classroom.

    Curiosity is a powerful catalyst for learning and using inquiry-based learning can leverage potential. Here are 6 strategies for your classroom. Inquiry-based Strategies While some of these strategies have particular application to make lectures more interactive or for facilitating small group learning though case-based instruction and team learning , educators may employ these strategies in clinical settings as well.

    In the ‘data era’ of education that’s mean research-based instructional strategies to drive data-based teaching, and while there’s a lot to consider here we’d love to explore more deeply, for now we’re just going to take a look at the instructional strategies themselves. Here we will take a look at teaching strategies that allow you to use this method of teaching in your classroom. Teaching Strategies to Get Started. So, you’ve heard about inquiry-based learning and are interested in trying it, but you don’t know how to get started. The first thing that you should know is that you can use it across the

    Most teachers care about their students’ results, and if you are reading this article, you are undoubtedly one of them. If you want to make a larger difference to how well your students do, then learn about this core list of 10 evidence-based teaching strategies. teaching strategies within an overall inquiry-based pedagogy can be an effec-tive way to boost student performance in academics, critical thinking, and prob-lem solving. An inquiry-based classroom is more than a “gathering of individual learners brought together for reasons of econo-my.” Rather, it is a “community of inquiry” (Schifter